Section III:

Section III:



Mitigation is the effort to prevent an emergency, reduce the likelihood of occurrence, or reduce the damaging effects and negative impacts of unavoidable hazards. Mitigation activities need to happen long before an emergency and on a continuous basis.



THIRA Reporting Tool New Mexico FY 2013

Hazard Mitigation Plan for Covington County, Alabama

Mitigation Plan Sample Scope of Work – FEMA

Fort Peck Tribes Pre-Disaster Mitigation Plan – 2012

Tulalip Tribes 2010 Hazard Mitigation Plan

Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe Hazard Mitigation Plan Summary

Washington State Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan

Cherokee Tribe Eastern Band – Quarantine and Isolation Authority Tribal Code




FEMA Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program

FEMA Disaster Mitigation Assistance


Community Assessment Tool for Public Health Emergencies – CDC

Hospital Disaster Preparedness Self-Assessment Tool

Disaster Behavioral Health Capacity Assessment Tool – ASPR

Public Health Preparedness Capability 1 – Community Preparedness

Pennsylvania Public Health Risk Assessment Guide

Pennsylvania Public Health Risk Assessment Tool

First Nations Health Authority Community Suicide Prevention and Response Toolkit

Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) – CDC


CDC Preparing for the Flu – A Communication Toolkit for Community and Faith-Based Organizations

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Pandemic Influenza Plan

CDC Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Plan Template for Primary Care Provider Offices: Guidance from Stakeholders

Michigan Primary Care Association Pandemic Influenza Plan Template


AIHC Asset Map and Gap Analysis Workbook

AIHC Asset Map and Gap Analysis Workbook – Example

Hazard Mitigation Made Easy – Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency

Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA) – International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Community Based Vulnerability Assessment – UNC Institute for the Environment

American Red Cross Ready Rating

FEMA Tribal Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidance

FEMA Hazard Mitigation Planning

Community Based Vulnerability Assessment – UNC Institute for the Environment

THIRA Guide Toolkit

THIRA Reporting Tool

FEMA Gap Analysis Program Guidance


CDC Winter Weather Individual and Family Preparedness

Take Winter by Storm


CDC Earthquake Individual and Family Preparedness

The Great Shakeout


Has FEMA Completed a Flood Hazard Study for Your Location?

FEMA National Flood Insurance Program

FEMA Flood Hazard Mapping

CDC Flood Individual and Family Preparedness

NFIP National Flood Insurance Program


CDC Tsunami Individual and Family Preparedness


CDC Before, During and After a Volcano Event


Washington State Fire Services Resource Mobilization Plan

CDC Before, During and After a Wildfire

BIA Burned Area Emergency Response Program

Wildfire Smoke – A Guide for Public Health Officials

CDC Protect Yourself from Wildfire Smoke


CDC Before, During and After a Landslide


EPA Oil and Chemical Spill Information

FEMA Household Chemicals Fact Sheet


CDC Blast Injury Mobile Application




Introduction to Hazard Mitigation (IS-393.A)

Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) (IS-2001)

Mitigation eGrants for the Grant Applicant (IS-31.A)

Mitigation eGrants Internal System (IS-32)

NEMIS HMGP System: Enter the HMGP Grant Application (IS-842.A)

Mitigation Planning for Local and Tribal Communities (IS-318)

Wildfire Mitigation Basics for Mitigation Staff (IS-320)

Flood Mitigation Basics for Mitigation Staff (IS-322)

Coastal Barrier Resources Act (IS-1113)

Earthquake Mitigation Basics for Mitigation Staff (IS-323)

Community Tsunami Preparedness (IS-326)

Introduction to Residential Coastal Construction (IS-386)

Building Design for Homeland Security for Continuity of Operations (IS-156)

FEMA Risk Assessment Database (IS-395)

Introduction to Hazardous Materials (IS-5.A)

Multihazard Planning for Childcare (IS-36)

Workplace Violence Awareness Training 2016 (IS-106.17)

Workplace Security Awareness (IS-906)

Active Shooter: What You Can Do (IS-907)

Introduction to Unified Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) (IS-212.B)

Anticipating Hazardous Weather and Community Risk, 2nd Edition (IS-271.A)

Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) Fundamentals (IS-276)

Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA): Entry-Level (IS-277)

Introduction to Retrofitting Flood-Prone Residential Buildings (IS-279.A)

Earthquake Basics: Science, Risk, and Mitigation (IS-325)

Building for the Earthquakes of Tomorrow (IS-8.A)

Engineering Principles and Practices for Retrofitting Flood-Prone Residential Structures (IS-280)

Using the Substantial Damage Estimator 2.0 Tool (IS-284)


Protecting Your Home or Small Business from Disaster (IS-394.A)



Preparedness involves developing and maintaining plans and strategies for what to do, where to go, who to call for help, developing skills, and all actions that will support a community’s ability to successfully respond to a disaster.  Preparedness is a continuous cycle of improvement.




Model Pre-Event Recovery Ordinance

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Health and Sanitation Code

NCAI Tribal Public Health Code Database


Olympic Regional Tribal-Public Health Mutual Aid Agreement

Mutual Aid Agreement for Tribes and Local Health Jurisdictions in Washington State

Final Mutual Aid Agreement Schedule A 7-25-17

Mutual Aid Agreement Schedule B 7-25-17

Mutual Aid Agreement Schedule C 7-25-17

Aid Operations and Deployment Guide

Region 3 Tribal Public Health Memorandum of Understanding

Mutual Aid Documents


Health Center Emergency Management Plan

Health Center Emergency Management Plan 2

Lummi Nation DRAFT Pandemic Flu Plan

Tulalip Tribes DRAFT Pandemic Flu Plan

NWTEMC Model Tribal CEMP

CDC Medical Office Preparedness Planner (Pandemic Influenza)

Lummi Nation Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan

Squaxin Island At-Risk Reservation Population Plan

Draft Emergency Operations Plan – Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes

SAMPLE Tribal Clinic Emergency Response Plan

Washington State Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan

Executive Playbook Template

Executive Playbook Instructions

Equipment List Example



Clinic Emergency Preparedness Gap Analysis

Public Health Preparedness Capabilities

Disaster Behavioral Health Resources

CDC Public Health Emergency Response Guide

CDC Emergency Preparedness and Response Resources

CDC Resources for Pandemic Flu CDC

CDC Healthcare Preparedness Activity Tools

Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER)

CDC Community Assessment Tool for Public Health Emergencies (CAT)

Emergency Preparedness, Response and Recovery Checklist

Interim Healthcare Coalition Checklist for Pandemic Planning – ASPR

Adapting Standards of Care Under Extreme Conditions

Planning for Active Shooters and Other Violence in Healthcare Facilities

Enhancing Public Health Emergency Preparedness for Special Needs Populations


The Community Planning Framework for Healthcare Preparedness – CDC

9 Key Elements of Emergency Preparedness – VeriCor

Project Public Health Ready Criteria – NACCHO

Tribal Washington State Tribal Emergency Vaccine Distribution Form

Washington State NIMS Compliance Survey for Local Health Jurisdictions

Infant Feeding During Disasters – DHHS

NACCHO Strategic Messaging Guide


AIHC Asset Map and Gap Analysis Workbook

AIHC Asset Map and Gap Analysis Workbook – Example

Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication Toolkit

FEMA Incident Resource Inventory System (IRIS)

Emergency Preparedness for Handbook for Tribal Governments – Mountain-Plains Consortium

Emergency Preparedness for State Procurement Officials Guide

FEMA Planning Resources

Workplace Emergency Preparedness (CDC)

Register for Washington SECURES Health Alert Network

Register for Alert and Notification Warnings

Washington Map Your Neighborhood Program Overview

Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness and Response Checklist Resources

DHS Authorized Equipment List

FEMA Gap Analysis Program Guidance

Evacuation and Sheltering Gap Analysis

FEMA List of Emergency Support Functions (ESFs)

Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT)

Ready.Gov Business Emergency Response Plans 2014


Washington State Local Comprehensive Emergency Management Planning Guide 2007

FEMA Developing and Maintaining Emergency Operations Plans – Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 101

EPA Region 10 Guidance for Preparing Tribal Emergency Response Plans

CDC Clinic Pandemic Planning Checklist

Planning Guidance for Sheltering Individuals with Disabilities and Special Medical Needs


Family Disaster Plan Template – American Red Cross

Family Preparedness Kits

Making a Family Disaster Plan – FEMA

FEMA Basic Family Emergency Supply List

Personal Preparedness for Individuals With Disabilities

ASPR Disaster Preparedness Resources for Caregivers

CDC Emergency Preparedness and You

CDC Winter Weather Preparedness Checklists

CodeRED Mobile Alert App

Red Cross Smartphone Apps

CDC Your Health – Your Environment Blog

CDC Keeping Children Safe in an Emergency

CDC Steps to Protecting Your Child During Emergencies in the School Day


School Safety

American Red Cross – Helping Children Cope with Disaster

CDC – Helping Children Cope with Emergencies – Helping Children Cope

FEMA Youth Preparedness Tools

Tribal Teen CERT Train the Traine – National Tribal Emergency Management Council

Disaster Resilience Skills for Youth

Youth CERT (Community Emergency Response Team) Teams



Make It Through – Training for Staff and Community Members

Disaster Preparedness Training Program – International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

CDC Training and Education for Public Health Professionals

Guide to Points of Distribution (IS-26)

An Orientation to Hazardous Materials for Medical Personnel (IS-346)

Introduction to NRF Support (IS-820)

Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience: Achieving Results Through Partnership and Collaboration (IS- 913.A)

Introduction to NRF Incident Annexes (IS-830)

Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex (IS-836)

Emergency Management for Senior Officials (IS-908)

Emergency Responder Health Monitoring and Surveillance System (ERHMS): Leadership Training (IS-930)

Emergency Manager: An Orientation to the Position (IS-1)

Fundamentals of Emergency Management

Applications of GIS for Emergency Management (IS-922)

Retail Security Awareness: Understanding the Hidden Hazards (IS-912)

NIMS Intrastate Mutual Aid – An Introduction (IS-706)

Animals in Disasters: Awareness and Preparedness (IS-10.A)

Animals in Disasters: Community Planning (IS-11.A)

Special Events Contingency Planning for Public Safety Agencies (IS-15.B)

Are You Ready? An In-Depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness (IS-22)

Community Preparedness: Implementing Simple Activities for Everyone (IS-909)

Social Media in Emergency Management (IS-42)

Multihazard Planning for Childcare (IS-36)

Fundamentals of Emergency Management (IS-230.D)

Emergency Planning (IS-235.C)

Leadership and Influence (IS-240.B)

Preparing for Mass Casualty Incidents (IS-360)

Planning for the Needs of Children in Disasters (IS-366.A)

Surveillance Awareness: What You Can Do (IS-914)

Protecting Critical Infrastructure Against Insider Threats (IS-915)

Critical Infrastructure Security: Theft and Diversion – What You Can Do (IS-916)

Implementing Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience (IS-921)



Preparedness involves developing and maintaining plans and strategies for what to do, where to go, who to call for help, developing skills, and all actions that will support a community’s ability to successfully respond to a disaster.  Preparedness is a continuous cycle of improvement.



Senior Leaders’ Response Toolkit

Request for the Temporary Reassignment of State, Tribal, and Local Personnel During a Public Health Emergency Declared by the HHS Secretary

National NIMS Implementation Objectives

NIMS Implementation Plan Template

ASPR and HPP NIMS Implementation for Healthcare Organizations Guidance

Disaster Behavioral Health Resources

CDC Shelter Assessment Tool

FEMA Tribal Declaration and Disaster Assistance Resources

Computer Assisted Management of Emergency Operations (CAMEO) Software

FEMA Public Assistance Program and Policy Guide

FEMA Public Assistance: Local, State, Tribal and Non-Profit

FEMA Policy for Reimbursement of Donated Resources and Volunteer Help

Volunteer and Donations Management Toolkit

Guidance for Supervisors at Disaster Rescue Sites



FEMA: List of ICS and NIMS Courses, and All-Hazards Position-Specific Courses

FEMA Tribal Curriculum

FEMA NIMS Training Program

Introduction to Incident Command System (ICS-100.B)

Applying ICS to Healthcare Organizations (IS-200HCa)

National Incident Management System (NIMS): An Introduction (IS-700.A)

NIMS Multiagency Coordination System (MACS) Course (IS-701.A)

NIMS Public Information Systems (IS-702.A)

NIMS Resource Management (IS-703.A)

EOC Management and Operations (IS-775)

National Response Framework – An Introduction (IS-800.B)

Introduction to Community Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) (IS-317)

CERT Supplemental Training: The Incident Command System (IS-315)

ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents (IS-200.b)

Public Information Officer Awareness (IS-29)

Military Resources in Emergency Management (IS-75)

Geospatial Information Systems Specialist (IS-103)

An Introduction to Exercises (IS-120.A)

Exercise Evaluation and Improvement Planning (IS-130)

Forms Used for the Development of the Incident Action Plan (IS-201)

Decision Making and Problem Solving (IS-241.B)

Effective Communication (IS-242.B)

Developing and Managing Volunteers (IS-244.B)

Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) (IS-247.A)

The Role of Voluntary Organizations in Emergency Management (IS-288.A)

Mission Assignment Overview (IS-293)

Radiological Emergency Response (IS-301)

The Public Works Role In Emergency Management (IS-552)

Emergency Planning for Public Works (IS-554)

Damage Assessment for Public Works (IS-556)

Public Works and Disaster Recovery (IS-558)

Introduction to Public-Private Partnerships (IS-660)

Improving Preparedness and Resilience through Public-Private Partnerships (IS-662)



Recovery involves the services and assistance provided to support individuals and communities affected by disasters to prevent additional damage, return to pre-disaster status, and lessen the effects of future disasters.



Devolution of Operations Plan Template



National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) Overview (IS-2900)

Introduction to Continuity of Operations Planning for Pandemic Influenzas (IS-520)

Exercising Continuity Plans for Pandemics (IS-522)

Continuity of Operations Awareness Course (IS-546-A)

Introduction to Continuity of Operations (IS-547.A)

Devolution Planning (IS-551)

Guardian Accord (GA) Workshop (Terrorism-Related COOP) (IS-525)

Resilient Accord – Exercising Continuity Plans for Cyber Incidents (IS-523)

An Introduction to NET Guard (IS-720)

Reconstitution Planning Course (IS-545)

Local Damage Assessment (IS-559)

Introduction to Debris Operations (IS-632.A)

Introduction to FEMA’s Public Assistance Program (IS-634)

Introduction to Individual Assistance (IS-403)

Individual Assistance (IA) Preliminary Damage Assessment (IS-772)



Disaster Recovery Resources and Funding Sources

Disaster Recovery Resources

Financial Assistance After a Disaster

Listing of Disaster Recovery Funding Resources

Tips for Retaining and Caring for Staff After a Disaster

American Red Cross

USDA Disaster Supplemental Nutrition Program Guidance

USDA Assistance for Individuals and Families

USDA Emergency Watershed Protection Program

USDA Water and Waste Disposal Loan and Grant Program

USDA Emergency Community Water Assistance Grants

HUD Disaster Assistance


AIHC Tribal Community Emergency Preparedness Toolbox

Toolbox Sections